There are many different vaccination schedules for puppies and every clinic adopts their own program based on scientific research, response to vaccination and local disease threats. Here at Hope Island Veterinary Surgery we offer an injectable vaccination called DHP (C3) that covers for Distemper, Parvovirus and Canine Hepatitis and an intranasal vaccination called KC that covers for two pathogens that cause Kennel Cough (Canine Parainfluenza and Bordatella bronchiseptica). The intranasal vaccination provides stronger quicker immunity from Kennel Cough with less vaccination reactions when compared with the injectable Kennel Cough vaccination.
Illnesses that vaccination can prevent or lessen
Canine Distemper is a fast acting, highly contagious virus that affects dogs, foxes, dingoes and ferrets. A few days after exposure to the virus your pet would develop a fever, become lethargic, and refuse food and water. Further signs involve the internal organs and brain; coughing, nasal discharge, vomiting and diarrhoea, paralysis and seizures are seen. As the clinical signs are caused by a virus there is no direct treatment for Canine Distemper.
Canine Hepatitis is caused by a virus. This virus is spread in the urine, blood, saliva, nasal discharge and faeces of infected dogs. Dogs contract the virus through their nose or mouth and it spreads to the tonsils and infects the liver and kidneys. If affected your pet would display fever, lethargy, loss of appetite, a sore abdomen, inflamed eyes and signs of liver disease such as jaundice, vomiting, bleeding disorders and seizures. As the clinical signs are caused by a virus there is no direct treatment for Canine Hepatitis.
Canine Parvovirus is known for causing life threatening diarrhoea. It produces these signs by attacking the intestinal lining, leading to sloughing of the intestines and leaking of protein and fluid into the gut. It can also affect the development of puppies in the uterus and in very young puppies affect the heart. Dogs contract this virus through direct or indirect contact of infected faeces. It is important to know that parvovirus can remain in the soil for up to 3 years, ready for its next victim. As the clinical signs are caused by a virus there is no direct treatment for Canine Parvovirus.
Canine Parainfluenza (virus) and Bordatella bronchiseptica (bacteria) are two pathogens that can cause Canine Kennel Cough. They are spread via airborne particles or contact with contaminated surfaces, very similar to how the human cold and flu are caught. If your pet contracts kennel cough clinical signs can include a harsh, dry cough, retching, sneezing, gagging or vomiting, particularly after pressing on the windpipe or excitement. The symptoms can last for 10 to 20 days and in some patients pneumonia can result. Similar to the flu vaccination in humans, the primary aim of the kennel cough vaccination is to reduce severity and duration of disease.