spring already here and summer fast approaching, it is essential that you
provide extra cooling for your pets.
or heatstroke can be a life-threatening condition that requires immediate
generally occurs in the summer and may be caused by many different factors.
these factors are:-
- Being left in an area with
inadequate ventilation, such as hot vehicles;
- Being left outdoors in
hot/humid weather without suitable shade
- Exercising in hot/humid
occurs most commonly in dogs. It can affect any breed, but some breeds are
more susceptible. Long-haired dogs and bracycephalic breeds (short-nosed,
flat-faced breed such as bulldogs and pugs) are also more susceptible.
Heatstroke can occur at any age but tends to affect the very young and very old
the signs of Heatstroke include but are not limited to:-
- Excessive drooling
- Increased body temperature
- Red gums
- Rapid heart rate
- Irregular heartbeats
- Vomiting blood
- Changes in mental status
- Muscle tremors
- Wobbly, incoordinated,
drunken gait or movement (ataxia)
- Unconsciousness in which the
dog cannot be awakened.
prevent heatstroke in your pet.
- Ensure that any dog kept
outdoors has plenty of water and shade. If the weather is unusually hot,
take time to check the outdoor temperature in your pet's area. It may be
too hot in some locations to leave your pet outdoors regardless of how
much water and shade your pet has.
- Place pools of water in the
shade for your pet to swim in and cool down.
- Give your pet frozen
iceblocks as treats to help keep them cool.
- Restrict outdoor exercise to
the early morning and late evening when temperatures are cooler.
- Carry water with you when
walking your dog. Watch your pet carefully for indications that he is
over-heating, such as heavy panting, loss of energy, and any obvious
weakness or stumbling. If your pet begins to show signs of heat suffering,
stop in a shady spot and give him some water. If symptoms don't subside,
take him directly to seek veterinary care.
- Never leave your pet
unattended in a parked car. Even if you park in the shade and leave the
windows open slightly, the internal temperature of your car can heat up
and put your dog in fatal danger within just a few minutes.
- Equip your car with window
shades if you are planning a long car trip with your dog. Bring cold water
along to help keep your dog hydrated and cool.
should you do if you think your pet has heatstroke?
- Transport your pet to the
closest veterinary facility immediately
- Begin cooling your pet with
tap water and wet towels. Place wet towels over the back of the
neck, in the armpits and in the groin region. Wet the ear flaps and paws
with tap water and if possible direct a fan onto your pet.
- Do not use cold water or
ice, as this can cause the blood vessels near the skin to shrink and form
an insulation layer, trapping the heat inside
- Do not attempt to force
water into your pet's mouth but have a bowl of fresh cool water standing
by should your pet wish to drink