Desexing your pet is an important aspect of responsible pet ownership. Not only does it ensure no unwanted litters are produced, it also decreases unwanted sexual behaviours. It has also been found long term, that desexed animals are significantly less likely to suffer from illness and tumours of the reproductive and urinary system.
We understand that with any pet ownership there is some cost considerations. That’s why we offer different levels of supportive care for your pet when they get desexed. For more information please read on.
Pre anaesthetic blood testing identifies how the kidneys, liver and the immune system are functioning. It also ensures that there are no issues with blood clotting and that oxygen transport and tissue perfusion will not be affected by an anaesthetic.
Intravenous Fluids are an important tool that we can use to make general anaesthetic as safe as possible. By starting intravenous fluids a few hours before surgery, we can make sure that your pet is well hydrated, which in turn, provides better tissue perfusion of blood and therefore oxygen during surgery. During an anaesthetic, fluid rates can be changed to help control your pet’s blood pressure. IV fluids provide a continuous access point for injectable anaesthetics, pain relievers and should the need ever arise, lifesaving medications such as adrenalin. After the procedure is completed and your pet is awake, IV Fluids are continued to flush the residual anaesthetic from your pet’s system, which gives a results in a quicker wakeup.
Levels of Supportive Care
Best Care: This allows the desexing procedure and the associated general anaesthetic to be the safest possible for your pet. Best Care package includes preanaesthetic blood testing, intravenous fluids and the desexing procedure.
Premium Care: Premium care includes the benefits of Intravenous Fluids and the desexing procedure.
Desexing only: Includes the desexing procedure only.
The morning of the procedure you will have an appointment with one of the nurses, they will ask a series of questions to allow us to make your pet’s stay as comfortable and safe as possible. After admittance, your pet stays in a warmed kennel with plenty of bedding. All of our patients receive a general health check from the Vet; this includes listening to the heart and lungs, checking temperatures and examination of the proposed surgical site. If you have elected to perform a pre anaesthetic blood test and administer intravenous fluid, these procedures are performed. The Veterinarian will then create a tailored anaesthetic plan for your pet, dependant on vitals and test results.
Premedication and General Anaesthesia
Prior to the general anaesthetic, your pet will be administered a premedication. This takes the edge off and actually halves the amount of injectable general anaesthetic that is required. Once the premed has taken affect, an injectable anaesthetic is administered into the vein; this sends your pet off to sleep very quickly. After your pet is asleep, an endotracheal tube is passed into the trachea or windpipe, this allows us to deliver a gaseous anaesthetic and oxygen mixture to keep your pet asleep and also keeps the airway open.
While under a general anaesthetic the Vet, together with the anaesthetic nurse, monitors your pet’s heart rate, pulse, breaths per minute, temperature, oxygen saturation, blood pressure and level of anaesthetic. This is a continuous process and your pet has trained professionals by their side throughout the entire procedure.
Females – Spay
Dogs and cats
An incision is made on the belly that goes through the abdominal wall. The ovaries and uterus are found and identified. Ovaries are carefully mobilised and their blood vessels tied off to prevent bleeding. The ovarian ligaments, blood vessels and connective tissue are cut to allow the removal of the ovaries. The uterine horns are traced to the cervix. The body of the uterus, just above the cervix is tied off and the uterus and ovaries are removed from the abdomen. The incision is closed in three layers, to ensure that normal anatomy and strength of the abdominal wall is maintained.
Males – Castration
A single incision is made just in front of the scrotum (the sac of skin that contains the testicles), and the testicles are located through this incision, tied off and removed. The prescrotal incision is closed by suturing three layers of tissue separately to ensure that normal anatomy is maintained and no hernias form.
Two incisions are made, one on each scrotum, through these incisions the testicles are located, tied off and removed. The incisions remain open in the male cat.
After the desexing procedure is completed the gaseous anaesthetic is turned off and only oxygen is administered to your pet via the endotracheal tube, this allows them to wake up. The Endotracheal tube remains in place until swallowing is observed and only at this time is the tube removed. This allows the airway to remain open until your pet is awake enough to control breathing on their own.
Once the Endotracheal tube is removed, it is time to go back to a warm kennel, with a bed and a blanket. Your pet is continually monitored in ICU until discharge.
On collecting your pet you will have a discharge appointment with the surgical nurse. Home care instructions and any medication directions will be discussed in this consult. If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to ask them.
At Home Care
When your pet comes home they will be drowsy and still recovering from the anaesthetic. At this time, ideally someone is around to supervise them, similar to us recovering from day surgery. Provide a warm, draft free place, out of the main thoroughfare for them to rest. Please offer half of the normal dinner and if received well, looking hungry and no vomiting has occurred, the remainder of the meal can be given. Don’t be too worried if your pet chooses to skip this meal. Dogs and female cats will arrive home with an Elizabethan collar (bucket/ cone of shame), this is to prevent them causing self trauma to the wound and removing their own stitches. This collar MUST remain on at all times, be strong, they can eat, drink and toilet with the collar on. It is also very important to keep your pet quiet for the next 2 weeks, this means, no running, jumping or fast games, leash walks only and for cats try to stop them jumping up on furniture. If too much movement happens or your pet removes their own sutures, muscles and tissues are strained, which causes a reaction, bleeding can occur or sutures can break which requires revision surgery to repair. Stitch removal is required in 10 to 14 days an appointment for this is generally made at the time of discharge.